Increasing Milk Productivity through
Embryo Transfer Technology
Though, India is the world’s largest producer of milk and has the world’s second-largest cattle population, the milk production per cattle is very low in India compared to the US (31.4 kg/day), Israel (37.4 kg/day) and the UK (24.7 kg/day). Because of the lower milk productivity, dairy farmers in India are not able to earn higher profits.
Embryo Transfer Technology (ETT) can make dairy farming highly profitable by an exponential increase in cattle milk productivity. Through ETT, it is possible to achieve milk yield between 13 to 16 liters per day for indigenous breeds, between 20 to 30 liters for F1 crossbreds and above 30 liters for exotic breeds.
What is Embryo Transfer Technology?
In ETT, sperm and ovum are collected from high genetic merit cattle whose milk yield is recorded and pedigree details are certified by Government. By using the germplasm sourced from superior genetic cattle available with Government Institutions, embryos are produced through IVF technology and then these embryos are transferred to the surrogate cows to produce Embryo Derived Milking (EDM) Cow.
Importance of Genetics:
It has been observed that during the breeding programs the focus is only on making the cow pregnant and people lack awareness regarding the quality of germplasm used in breeding. Usage of the low merit germplasm, improper breeding practices and inbreeding have resulted in poor genetics of the herd. This has also adversely resulted in the decreasing milk productivity and other production parameters like fat, milk protein which makes dairy farming less profitable in an age of increase in stress on the environment and less availability of grazing land resulting in an increase of feed costs.
Utmost importance has to be given to upgrade low genetic merit cattle herd to herd with superior genetics by using scientific breeding practices to earn higher profits through dairy farming.
Benefits of Embryo Transfer Technology:
While purchasing cattle by conventional methods, it is not possible to know the pedigree details, potential milk yield, lactation number and breed type. Because of these uncertainties associated with the traditional market, farmers end up making less profit through dairy farming. But whereas in ETT, as we know the details of the donors, it is possible to ascertain the potential milk yield for Embryo Derived Milking cows.
As Embryo Derived Milking cows have higher feed conversion ratio, there will be a 25% to 30% reduction in the quantity of feed required to produce the same quantity of milk from EDM cows compared to that of normal cows. It is also important to note the probability of calves born through embryos produced using sex-sorted semen being female is 90%.
Pure Indigenous breeds and F1 Cross breeds:
Though the indigenous breeds have higher disease resistance and climatic resilience, it has become difficult to identify high milk yielding pure indigenous breeds of cattle. Using ETT, it is possible to exponentially propagate the high milk yielding pure indigenous breeds of cattle.
Most high milk yielding animals being crossbreds/exotic have less disease resistance and less climatic resilience, with a reduction in productivity in every subsequent generation. It is the F1 Generation Cross Breeds that have higher milk productivity, disease resistance and better resilience to climatic conditions, as they are bred using two selected pure breeds, of different beneficial phenotypes.
Tropical Animal Genetics is a leading organization working to increase cattle milk productivity through Embryo Transfer Technology. For buying embryos or cows impregnated with embryos of pure indigenous breeds or F1 cross breeds please reach out to us at: